On history and morality: The two theories

An undergraduate essay, which I recently revisited at the conclusion of my first postgraduate degree. If we are to formulate a theory of everything, the theory may come in (at least) two parts. The first theory addresses what is, and the second considers what ought to be. The first is the theory of history, and … Continue reading On history and morality: The two theories

Grounding for the metaphysics of politics and morals

Written in summer 2020. In 1785, Immanuel Kant wrote a treatise entitled Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, wherein Kant made the case for an ethic of "autonomy", or the individual's responsibility for their own actions as the ultimate moral good. Kant didn't think the physical separation between individuals in the world of experiences, or … Continue reading Grounding for the metaphysics of politics and morals

How capitalism ends

There are several dimensions to the supposed demise of capitalism. There are two developments and two critical contradictions behind the system’s present afflictions. Capitalism may end, however, in two different ways—one of which less an end to capitalism than a return to a different form of capitalism. Lastly, if capitalism is to truly end, it … Continue reading How capitalism ends

The revolution will be unified: How to fight climate breakdown

The capitalist social order both causes and exacerbates climate breakdown by misdirecting technological development and fragmenting what I call 'the social political economy'. As a social—not merely economic—order, capitalism restricts our ability to take the foot off the accelerator—let alone to slam on the brake. I advocate transitioning from capitalism’s disunified social political economy to … Continue reading The revolution will be unified: How to fight climate breakdown